BIBLIOGRAPHY

PEER REVIEWED PUBLICATIONS

Shafi S, Collinsworth AW, Copeland LA, Ogola GO, Qiu T, Kouznetsova M, Liao IC, Mears N, Phan AT, Wan GJ, Masica Al. Association of Opioid-Related Adverse Events with Clinical and Cost Outcomes of Surgical Patients in a Large Integrated Healthcare Delivery System. JAMA Surgery (in press)

Hernandez M, Havens J, Shafi S, Crandall ML. Risk Assessment in Emergency General Surgery. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery (in press)

Ogola GO, Crandall ML, Shafi S. Variations in Outcomes of Emergency General Surgery Patients Across Hospitals: A Call to Establish Emergency General Surgery Quality Improvement Program (EQIP). Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery (in press, Epub 11.27.2017)

Ogola GO, Haider A, Shafi S. Hospitals with Higher Volumes of Emergency General Surgery Patients Achieve Lower Mortality Rates: A Case for Establishing Designated Centers for Emergency General Surgery. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery 82:497-504, 2017

Zogg CK, Jiang W, Ottesen TD, Shafi S, Schuster K, Becher B, Davis KA, Haider AH. Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Longer-term Outcomes Among Emergency General Surgery Patients: The Unique Experience of Universally-Insured Older Adults. Ann Surg 2017 (In Press, Epub 7.24.2017)

Callender L, Brown R, Driver S, Dahdah M, Shafi S. Process for Developing Rehabilitation Recommendations for Individuals with Traumatic Brain Injury. BMC Neurology 17:54, 2017

Dahdah MN, Hoffman M, Pretz C, An V, Barnes SA, Bennett M, Dreer LE, Berquist T, Shafi S. Factors Associated with Rehabilitation Outcomes after Traumatic Brain Injury: Comparing Functional Outcomes between TBIMS Centers using Hierarchical Linear Modeling. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation 32:E1-E-10, 2017

Hernandez MC, Shafi S, Zeilinski M. A Classification System to Grade All Appendicitis. Journal of Pediatric Surgery 52:665, 2017

Phillips JL, Overton TL, Campbell-Furtick M, Simon K, Duane TM, Gandhi RG, Shafi S. Trends in Helmet Use by Motorcycle Riders in the Decades Following the Repeal of Mandatory Helmet Laws. International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion 24:452-458, 2017

Shafi S, Barnes S, Ahn C, Hemmila MR, Cryer HG, Nathens AB, Neal M, Fildes J. Characteristics of ACS Verified Level I and II Trauma Centers. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery 81:735-42, 2016

Tominaga GT, Staudenmayer KL, Shafi S, Schuster KM, Savage SA, Ross S, Muskat P, Mowery NT, Miller P, Inaba K, Cohen MJ, Ciesla D, Brown CV, Agarwal S, Aboutanos MB, Utter GH, Crandall M; AAST Committee on Patient Assessment. The American Association for the Surgery of Trauma Grading Scale for 16 Emergency General Surgery Conditions: Disease-Specific Criteria Characterizing Anatomic Severity Grading. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery (in press) Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery 81:593-602, 2016

Zogg CK, Olufajo OA, Jiang W, Bystricky A, Scott JW, Shafi S, Havens JM, Salim A, Schoenfeld AJ, Haider AH. The Need to Consider Longer-Term Outcomes of Care: Racial/Ethnic Disparities Among Adult and Older Adult Emergency General Surgery Patients at 30, 90, and 180 Days. Annals of Surgery 266:66-75, 2017

Dahdah MN, Barnes S, Buros A, Dubiel R, Dunklin C, Callender L, Harper C, Wilson A, Diza-Arrastia R, Berquist T, Sherer M, Whiteneck G, Pretz C, Vanderploeg RD, Shafi S. Variations in Inpatient Rehabilitation Functional Outcomes Across Centers in Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems and the Influence of Demographics and Injury Severity on Patient Outcomes. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 97:1821-31, 2016

Shafi S, Collinsworth AW, Richter KM, Alam HB, Becker LB, Bullock MR, Ecklund JM, Gallagher J, Gandhi R, Haut ER, Hickman ZL, Hotz H, McCarthy J, Valadka AB, Weigelt J, Holcomb JB. Bundles of Car for Resuscitation from Hemorrhagic Shock and Severe Brain Injury in Trauma Patients – Translating Knowledge into Practice. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery 81:780-94, 2016

Haider AH, Dankaw-Mullan I, Maragh-Bass AC, Torain M, Zogg CK, Lilley EJ, Kodadek LM, Changoor NR, Najjar P, Rose JA, Ford HR, Salim A, Stain SC, Shafi S, Sutton B, Hoyt D, Maddox YT, Britt LD. Setting a National Agenda for Surgical Disparities Research: Recommendations from National Institutes for Health and American College of Surgeons Summit. JAMA Surgery 151:554-63,2016

Campbell-Furtick M, Moore BJ, Overton TL, Laureano Phillips J, Simon KJ, Gandhi RR, Duane TM, Shafi S. Post-trauma mortality increase at age 60: a cutoff for defining elderly? American Journal of Surgery 212:781-85, 2016

Dahdah MN, Barnes SA, Buris A, Allmon A, Dubiel R, Dunklin C, Callender L, Shafi S. Impact of Preexisting Illness and Substance Use on on Functional and Neuropsychological Outcomes Following Traumatic Brian Injury Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings 29:271-6, 2016

Shafi S, Priest EL, Crandall ML, Klekar CS, Nazim A, Aboutanos M, Agarwal S, Bhattacharya B, Byrge N, Dhillon TS, Eboli DJ, Fielder D, Guillamondegui O, Gunter O, Inaba K, Mowery NT, Nirula R, Ross SE, Savage SA, Schuster KM, Schmoker RK, Siboni S, Siparsky N, Trust MD, Utter GH, Whelan J, Feliciano DV, Rozycki G. Multicenter Validation of American Association for the Surgery of Trauma Grading for Acute Colonic Diverticulitis and use for Emergency General Surgery Quality Improvement Program. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery 80:405-411, 2016.

Post-trauma mortality increase at age 60: a cut-off for defining elderly? American Journal of Surgery (in press, Epub 2016 Feb 27)

Phillips JL, Overton TL, Campbell-Furtick M, Nolen HP, Gandhi RR, Duane TM, Shafi S. Bicycle Helmet Use Trends and Related Risk of Mortality and Traumatic Brain Injury among Pediatric Trauma. Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health Review (in press)

Ogola GO, Shafi S. Cost of Specific Emergency General Surgery Diseases and Factors Associated with High Cost Patients. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery 80:265-71, 2016.

Ogola GO, Gale SC, Haider A, Shafi S. The Financial Burden of Emergency General Surgery: National Estimates 2010 to 2060. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery 79:444-448, 2015.

Overton TL, Philips JL, Moore BJ, Campbell-Furtick MB, Gandhi RR, Shafi S. The Hispanic Paradox: Does it Exist in the Injured? American Journal of Surgery 210:827-32, 2015.

Leever SC, Parikh V, Crockett M, Bennett M, Shafi S. The Effects of Manual Lymphatic Drainage on Post-operative Pain and Ambulation Distance Following Unilateral Knee Arthroplasty. Orthopedic Practice 27;4:15, 222-226, 2015.

Savage SA, Klekar C, Priest E, Rodriguez, BC, Shafi S. Validating a New Grading Scale for Emergency General Surgery Diseases. Journal of Surgical Research 196:264-9, 2015.

Utter GH, Miller PR, Mowery NT, Tominaga GT, Gunter O, Osler TM, Ciesla DJ, Agarwal SK, Inaba K, Aboutanos MB, Brown CVR, Ross SE, Crandall ML, Shafi S. ICD-9CM and ICD-10CM Mapping of AAST Emergency General Surgery Disease Severity Grading Systems: Conceptual Approach, Limitations, and Recommendations for the Future. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery 78:1059-65, 2015.

Shah AA, Haider AH, Zogg CK, Schwartz DA, Haut ER, Zafar SN, Schneider EB, Velopulos CG, Shafi S, Zafar H, Efron DT. National Estimates of Predictors of Outcomes for Emergency General Surgery. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery 78:482-90, 2015.

Patel MB, Richter K, Shafi S. Mangled Extremity: Amputation vs. Salvage. Curr Trauma Rep DOI 10.1007/s40719-014-0003-6 (online publication, Springer January 2015)

Le D, Shafi S, Gwirtz P, Bennet M, Reeves R, Callendar L, Dunklin C, Cleveland S. Effect of Obesity on Motor Functional Outcomes of Traumatic Brain Injury Patients. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 94:627-32, 2015.

Gandhi RR, Overton TL, Haut ER, Lau B, Vallier HA, Rohs T, Hasenboehler E, Lee JK, Alley D, Watters J, Rogers FB, Shafi S. Optimal Timing of Femur Fracture Stabilization in Polytrauma Patients: A Practice Management Guideline from the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery 77:787-795, 2014.

Crandall ML, Agarwal S, Muskat P, Ross S, Savage S, Shuster K, Tominaga G, Shafi S. Application of a Uniform Anatomic Grading System to Measure Disease Severity in Eight Emergency General Surgical Illnesses. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery 77:705-708, 2014.

Harris CL, Shafi S. Physical Therapy-drive Quality Improvement to Promote Early Mobility in the Intensive Care Unit. Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings 27:203-207, 2014.

Overton TL, Shafi S, Gandhi R. Local Access to Care Program Increases Trauma Patient Follow-up Compliance. American Journal of Surgery 208-476-9, 2014.

Overton TL, Shafi S, Cravens GF, Gandhi R. Can Trauma Surgeons Manage Minor Traumatic Brain Injuries. American Journal of Surgery 208:806-10, 2014.

Overton TL, Rives TE, Enriquez S, Hecht C, Gandhi R, Shafi S. Distracted Driving: Prevalence, Problems, and Prevention. International Journal of Injury Control and Prevention 22:187-92, 2015.

Overton TL, Williams C, Shafi S, Gandhi R. Utilization of Pastoral Care Services for Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral for Treatment at an Urban Level I Trauma Center. Journal of Emergency Nursing 40:560-2, 2014.

Dahdah MM, Barisa MT, Schmidt K, Barnes SA, Dubiel R, Dunklin C, Harper C, Callendar L, Wilson A, Diaz-Arrastia R, Shafi S. Comparative Effectiveness of Traumatic Brain Injury Rehabilitation: Differential Outcomes Across TBI Model Systems Centers. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation 29:451-9, 2014.

Gale SC, Shafi S, Dombrovskiy VY, Arumugam D, Crystal JS. The Public Health Burden of Emergency General Surgery in the United States: A 10 year Analysis of Nationwide Inpatient Sample 2001-2010. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery 77:202-208, 2014.

Shafi S, Barnes SA, Rayan N, Kudyakov R, Foreman H, Cryer HG, Alam HB, Hoff W, Holcomb J. Compliance with Recommended Care at Trauma Centers: Association with Patient Outcomes. Journal of the American College of Surgeons 219:189-198, 2014.

Shafi S, Barnes SA, Millar D, Sobrino J, Kudyakov R, Berryman C, Rayan N, Dubiel R, Coimbra R. Magnotti LJ, Vercruysse G, Scherer LA, Jurkovich GJ, Nirula R. Suboptimal Compliance with Evidence-based Guidelines in Patients with Traumatic brain Injuries. Journal of Neurosurgery 120:773-7, 2014.

Shafi S, Aboutanos M, Brown CV, Ciesla D, Cohen MJ, Crandall ML, Inaba K, Mille PR, Mowery NT. Measuring Anatomic Severity of Disease in Emergency General Surgery. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery 76:884-7, 2014.

Warren AM, Jones AL, Shafi S, Roden-Foreman K, Bennet MM, Foreman ML. Does Caring for Trauma Patients Lead to Psychological Stress in Surgeons. Journal of Trauma-Injury, Infection & Critical Care 75:179-84, 2013.

O’Keeffee T, Friese R, Rhee P, Shafi S, Gentilello LM. Alcohol Use Increases Diagnostic Testing, Procedures, Charges, and the Risk of Hospital Admission: A Population-based Study of Injured Patients in the Emergency Department. American Journal of Surgery 206;16-22, 2013.

Sobrino J, Barnes SA, Dahr, N, Kudyakov R, Berryman CA, Nathens AB, Hemmila MR, Neal M, Shafi S. Frequency of Adoption of Practice Management Guidelines at Trauma Centers. Baylor University Medical Centers Proceedings 26:256-61, 2013.

Shafi S, Aboutanos MB, Agarwal S Jr, Brown CV, Crandall M, Feliciano DV, Guillamondegui O, Haider A, Inaba K, Osler TM, Ross S, Rozycki GS, Tominaga GT. Emergency General Surgery: Definition and Estimated Burden of Disease. Journal of Trauma-Injury, Infection & Critical Care 74:1092-7, 2013.

Sobrino J, Shafi S. Timing and Causes of Death after Injuries. Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings 26:120-3, 2013.

Esposito T, Tinkoff G, Reed J, Shafi S, Harbrecht B, Thmoas C, Fildes J. AAST Organ Injury Scale: Past, Present, and Future. Journal of Trauma-Injury, Infection & Critical Care 74:1163-74, 2013.

Newgard CD, Fildes JJ, Wu L, Hemmila MR, Burd RS, Neal M, Mann NC, Shafi S, Clark DE, Goble S, Nathens A. Methodology and Analytic Rationale for the American College of Surgeons Trauma Quality Improvement Program (TQIP). Journal of the American College of Surgeons 216:147-157, 2013.

Abdalla A, Gunst M, Ghaemmaghami V, Gruszecki AC, Urban J, Barber RC, Gentilello LM, Shafi S. Spatial Analysis of Injury related Deaths in Dallas County using Geographical Information Systems. Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent.) 25:208-13, 2012.

Shafi S, Ogola G, Fleming N, Rayan N, Kudyakov R, Barnes SA, Ballard DJ. Insuring the Uninsured: Potential Impact of the Health Care Reform Act of 2010 on Trauma Centers. Journal of Trauma-Injury, Infection & Critical Care 73:1303-7, 2012.

Presented at the annual meeting of the Western Trauma Association

Shafi S, Renfro LA, Barnes SA, Rayan N, Gentilello LM, Fleming N, Ballard DJ. Chronic Consequences of Acute Injuries: Persistent Worse Survival After Discharge. Journal of Trauma-Injury, Infection & Critical Care 73:699-703, 2012.

Presented at the annual meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma

Shafi S, Rayan N, Barnes S, Fleming N, Gentilello LM, Ballard D. Moving from “Optimal Resources” to “Optimal Care” at Trauma Centers. Journal of Trauma-Injury, Infection & Critical Care 72: 870-77, 2012.

Presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma

Rayan N, Barnes S, Fleming N, Kudyakov R, Ballard D, Gentilello L, Shafi S. Barriers to Compliance with Evidence based Care in Trauma. Journal of Trauma-Injury, Infection & Critical Care 72: 5885-93, 2012.

Presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma

Matsushima K, Cook A, Tollack L, Shafi S, Frankel HL. An Acute Care Surgery Model Provides Timely Care for Both Trauma and Emergency General Surgery Patients. Journal of Surgical Research 166: e143-7, 2011.

Gunst M, Matsushima K, Vanek S, Gunst R, Shafi S, Frankel H. Peripherally Inserted Central Catheters May Lower the Incidence of Cather-related Blood Stream Infections in Patients in Surgical Intensive Care Units. Surg Infec (Larchmont) 12:279-82, 2011.

O’Keeffe T, Thekkumel JJ, Friese, S, Shafi S, Josephs SC. A Policy of Dedicated Follow-up Improves the rate of Removal of Retrieveable Inferior Vena Cava Filters in Trauma Patients. American Surgeon 77: 103—08, 2011.

Presented at the annual meeting of the Trauma Association of Canada

Brakenridge SC, Sheng J, Toomay SM, Haley RW, Gentilello LM, Shafi S.  Predictors of Early vs. Late Timing of Pulmonary Embolism after Traumatic Injury. Am J Surg 201:209-15, 2011.

Presented at the annual meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma

Shafi S, Barnes S, Nicewander D, Ballard D, Nathens AB, Ingraham AM, Hemmila M, Goble S, Neal M, Pasquale M, Fildes JJ, Gentilello LM. Health Care Reform at Trauma Centers: Mortality, Complications, Length of Stay. Journal of Trauma-Injury, Infection & Critical Care 69: 1367-71, 2010.

Presented at the annual meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma

Gomez D, Haas B, Hemmila M. Pasquale M, Goble S, Neal M, Mann VC, Meredith W, Cryer HG, Shafi S, Nathens AB. Hip can Lie: Impact of Excluding Isolated Hip Fractures on External Benchmarking of Trauma Center Performance. Journal of Trauma-Injury, Infection & Critical Care 69:1037-41, 2010.

Presented at the annual meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma

Cotton BA, Dossett LA, Haut ER, Shafi S, Nunez TC, Zaydfudim V, Johnston M, Arbogast P, Young PP. Multicenter Validation of a Simplified Score to Predict Massive Transfusion in Trauma. Journal of Trauma-Injury, Infection & Critical Care 69 Suppl 1: S33-39, 2010.

Ingraham AM, Xiong W, Hemmila MR, Shafi S, Goble S, Neal ML, Nathens AB. The Attributable Mortality and Length of Stay of Trauma-related Complications: A Matched Cohort Study. Annals of Surgery 252:358-62, 2010.

Presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma

Stuke LE, Nirula R, Gentilello LM, Shafi S.  Protection against Head Injuries Should Not be Optional: A Case for Mandatory Installation of Side Curtain Airbags. Am J Surg 200: 496-9, 2010.

Presented at the annual meeting of the Society of University Surgeons and the Association for Academic Surgery.

Cannada LK, Pan P, Casey BM, McIntire DD, Shafi S, Leveno KJ. Pregnancy Outcomes after Orthopedic Trauma. Journal of Trauma-Injury, Infection & Critical Care 69:694-8, 2010

Parks JK, Diaz-Arrastia R, Gentilello LM, Shafi S. Post-injury Employment as a Surrogate for Functional Outcomes: A Quality Indicator for Trauma Systems. Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) 23: 355-8, 2010.

Gunst M, Ghaemmagham V, Gruszecki A, Urban J, Frabnkel H, Shafi S. Changing Epidemiology of Trauma Deaths Leads to a Bimodal Distribution. Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) 23: 349-54, 2010.

Shafi S, Parks J, Ahn C, Gentilello LM, Nathens AB, Hemmila MR, Pasquale MD, Meredith JW, Cryer HG, Goble S, Neil M, Price C, Fildes JJ, and the Trauma Quality Improvement Group (TQIP).  CMS Quality Indicators do not Correlate with Risk-Adjusted Mortality at Trauma Centers. Journal of Trauma-Injury, Infection & Critical Care 68:771-77, 2010.

Presented at the annual meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma

Hemmila MR, Nathens AB, Shafi S, Calland JF, Clark DE, Cryer HG, Goble S, Hoeft CJ, Meredith JW, Neal ML, Pasquale MD, Pomphrey MD, Fildes JJ. The Trauma Quality Improvement Program: Pilot Study and Initial Demonstration of Feasibility. Journal of Trauma-Injury, Infection & Critical Care 68:253-262, 2010.

Presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma

Shafi S, Parks J, Ahn C, Gentilello LM, Nathens AB. More Operations, More Deaths? Relationship Between Operative Intervention Rates and Risk-adjusted Mortality at Trauma Centers. Journal of Trauma-Injury, Infection & Critical Care 69:70-77, 2010.

Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma

Shafi S, Ahn C, Parks J, Nathens AB, Cryer HM, Gentilello LM, Hemmila M, Fildes JJ. Quality of Care within a Trauma Center is not Altered by Injury Type. Journal of Trauma-Injury, Infection & Critical Care 68: 716-720, 2010.

Gunst M, O’Keeffe T, Hollett L, Hamill M, Gentilello LM, Frankel H, Shafi S. Trauma Operative Skills in the era of Non-operative Management: The Trauma Exposure Course (TEC). Journal of Trauma-Injury, Infection & Critical Care 67: 1091-6, 2009.

Presented at the annual scientific meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma

Shafi S, Nathens AB, Cryer HG, Hemmila MR, Pasquale MD, Clark DE, Neal M, Goble, Meredith JW, Fildes JJ. TQIP – the Trauma Quality Improvement Program of the American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma. Journal of the American College of Surgeons 209:521-530, 2009.

Parks J, Gentilello LM, Shafi S. Financial Triage in Transfer of Trauma Patients: A Myth or a Reality? American Journal of Surgery 198:e35-38, 2009.

O’Keeffe T, Shafi S, Sperry JL, Gentilello LM.  The Implications of Alcohol Intoxication and the Uniform Policy Provision Law on Trauma Centers: An NTDB Analysis of Minimally Injured Patients.  Journal of Trauma-Injury, Infection & Critical Care 66:495-98, 2009.

Presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Academic Surgery

Shafi S, Stewart R, Nathens AB, Friese RF, Frankel H, Gentilello LM.  Significant Variations in Mortality Occur at Similarly Designated Trauma Centers.  Archives of Surgery 144:64-68, 2009.

Presented at the annual meeting of the Western Surgical Association.

Bruns B, Gentilello LM, Elliot A, Shafi S. Prehospital Hypotension Redefined.  Journal of Trauma-Injury, Infection & Critical Care 65:1217-21, 2008.

Presented at the annual meeting of the Trauma Association of Canada

Parks J, Klein J, Frankel H, Friese R, Shafi S.  Dissecting Delays in Trauma Care using Corporate Six Sigma Methodology.  Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection and Critical Care 65:1098-1104, 2008.

Presented at the annual scientific meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma

Nathens AB, Xiong W, Shafi S.  Ranking of Trauma Center Performance: The Bare Essentials. Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection and Critical Care 65: 628-35, 2008.

Presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma

Shafi S, Parks J, Gentilello LM.  Cost Benefits of Reduction in Motor Vehicle Injuries with a Nationwide Speed Limit 65 mph or under.  Journal of Trauma-Injury, Infection & Critical Care 65:1122-25, 2008.

Presented at the annual meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma

Shafi S, Gentilello LM.  Ethnic Disparities in Initial Management of Trauma Patients in a Nationwide Sample of Emergency Department Visits.  Archives of Surgery 143:1057-61, 2008.

Presented at the annual meeting of the Society of University Surgeons

Shafi S, Nathens AB, Parks J, Cryer HM, Fildes JJ, Gentilello LM.  Trauma Quality Improvement Using Risk-Adjusted Outcomes. Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection and Critical Care 64: 599-606, 2008.

Presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma

Shafi S, Friese R, Gentilello L.  Moving Beyond Personnel and Process: A Case for Incorporating Outcome Measures in Trauma Center Designation Process.  Archives of Surgery 143: 115-19, 2008.

Presented at annual meeting of the Society of University Surgeons.

Shafi S, Diaz-Arrastia, Madden C, Gentilello L.  Intracranial Pressure Monitoring in Brain-injured Patients is Associated with Worsening of Survival.  Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care 64: 335-340, 2008.

Presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma.

Miller B, Shafi S, Thal E.  Damage Control in Complex Penetrating Tracheal Injury using a Silicon T-tube.  Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care 64: E18 – E20, 2008.

Shafi S, de la Plata CM, Diaz-Arrastia R, Shipman K, Carlile M, Frankel H, Parks J, Gentilello L.  Racial Disparities in Long-term Functional Outcomes after Traumatic Brain Injury. Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care 63: 1263-1270, 2007.

Presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma

Marquez de la Plata C, Hewlitt M, de Oliveira A, Hudak A, Harper C, Shafi S, Diaz-Arrastia R.  Ethnic Differences in Rehabilitation Placement and Outcome after TBI.  J Head Trauma Rehab 22:113-121, 2007.

Shafi S, Elliott A, Gentilello L.  A Nationwide Speed Limit 65 mph or less Will Save Thousands of Lives.  American Journal of Surgery 193:719-22, 2007.

Presented at the annual meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma.

Foreman BP, Caesar RR, Parks J, Madden C, Gentilello LM, Shafi S, Carlile MC, Harper CR, Diaz-Arrastia R.  Usefulness of the Abbreviated Injury Score and the Injury Severity Score in comparison to the Glasgow Coma Scale in predicting outcome after Traumatic Brain Injury. Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care 62:946-950, 2007.

Staudenmayer KL, Diaz-Arrastia R, de Oliveira A, Gentilello LM, Shafi S.  Ethnic Disparities in Long-term Functional Outcomes After Traumatic Brain Injuries.  Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care 63: 1364-1369, 2007.

Presented at the annual meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery

Gunst MA, Sperry J, Ghaemmaghammi V, Gunst RF, Friese RS, Frankel HL, Gentilello LM, Shafi S. Increased Risk of Death Associated with Hypotension is not Altered by the Presence of Brain Injury in Pediatric Trauma Patients.  American Journal of Surgery 194: 741-745, 2007.

Presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Surgical Congress

Ghaemmaghami V, Sperry J, Gunst M, Friese R, Starr A, Frankel H, Gentilello LM, Shafi S.  Effects of Early Use of External Pelvic Compression on Transfusion Requirements and Mortality in Pelvic Fractures. American Journal of Surgery 194: 720-723, 2007.

Presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Surgical Congress

Phelan H, Shafi S, Parks J, Maxson RT, Ahmad N, Murphy JT, Minei JP.  Use of a Pediatric Cohort to Examine Gender and Sex Hormone Influences on Outcomes After Trauma.  Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care 63: 1127-1131, 2007.

Presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma

Bruns B, Lindsey M, Rowe K, Brown S, Minei JP, Gentilello L, Shafi S.  Hemoglobin Drops Within Minutes of Injuries and Predicts Need for an Intervention to Stop Hemorrhage.  Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care 63:312-315, 2007.

Presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma

Friese R, Shafi S, Malekzadeh S, Starr A, Gentilello L.  Abdominal Ultrasound (FAST) is an Unreliable Modality for the Detection of Hemoperitoneum in Patients with Pelvic Fracture.  Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care 63:97-102, 2007.

Presented at the annual meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma.

Shafi S, de la Plata CM, Diaz-Arrastia R, Bransky A, Frankel H, Elliott AC, Parks J, Gentilello LM. Ethnic Disparities Exit in Trauma Care.  Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care 63:1138-42, 2007.

Presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma.

Friese R, Jennings A, Dineen S, Pruitt J, Shafi S, Gentilello L.  Serum B-type Natriuretic Peptide: A Marker of Fluid Resuscitation after Injury? Journal of Trauma-Injury, Infection & Critical Care 62:1346-51, 2007.

Presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma.

Stuke L, Diaz-Arrastia R, Gentilello L.  Shafi S.  Effect of Alcohol on Glasgow Coma Scale in Head Injured Patients.  Annals of Surgery 245:651-655, 2007.

Presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Surgical Congress.

Sperry J, Gentilello L, Diaz-Arrastia R, Shafi S.  Waiting for the Patient to “Sober up”: Effect of Alcohol Intoxication on Glasgow Coma Scale in Brain Injured Patients.  Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care 61:1305-1311, 2006.

Presented at the annual meeting of the Western Trauma Association

Sperry JL, Casey BM, McIntire DD, Minei JP, Gentilello L, Shafi S.  Long Term Fetal Outcomes in Pregnant Trauma Patients.  American Journal of Surgery 192:715-721, 2006.

Presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Surgical Congress

Parks J, Elliott A, Gentilello L, Shafi S.  Systemic Hypotension is a Late Marker of Shock After Trauma – A Validation Study of ATLS Principles in a Large National Sample. American Journal of Surgery 192:727-31, 2006.

Presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Surgical Congress.

Shafi S, Nathens AB, Elliott AC, Gentilello L. Effect of Trauma Systems on Motor Vehicle Occupant Mortality: A Comparison Between States With and Without a Formal System.  Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care 61:1374-78, 2006.

Presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma.

Eastridge BJ, Shafi S, Minei JP, Culica D, McConnell C, Gentilello L. Economic Impact of Motorcycle Helmets: From Impact to Discharge. Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care. 60:978-984, 2006.

Presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma.

Friese R, Shafi S, Elliott A, Gentilello L.  Pulmonary Artery Catheter Use is Associated with Reduced Mortality in Severely Injured Patients: A National Trauma Data Bank Analysis of 53,312 patients.  Critical Care Medicine. 34:1597-1601, 2006.

Presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma.

Shafi S, Gentilello L.  Hypotension Does Not Increase Mortality in Brain Injured Patients More Than It Does in the Non-Brain Injured Patients. Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care. 59:830-835, 2005.

Presented at the annual meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma.

Shafi S, Gentilello L. Is Hypothermia Simply a Marker of Shock and Injury Severity or an Independent Risk Factor for Mortality? An Analysis of a Large National Trauma Registry (NTDB). Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care. 59:1081-1085, 2005.

Presented at the annual meeting of the Western Trauma Association.

Shafi S, Gentilello, L. Prehospital Endotracheal Intubation and Positive Pressure Ventilation is Associated with Hypotension and Decreased Survival in Hypovolemic Trauma Patients: An Analysis of the National Trauma Data Bank. Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care. 59:1140-1147, 2005.

Presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma.

Shafi S, Kauder DR.  Fluid Resuscitation and Blood Replacement in Patients with Polytrauma.  Clinical Orthopaedics. 422:37-42, 2004.

Shafi S, Gilbert JC, Irish MS, Glick PL, Caty MG, Azizkhan RG.  Follow-up Imaging Studies in Children with Splenic Injuries.  Clinical Pediatrics. 38:273-7, 1999.

Shafi S, Gilbert JC.  Minor Pediatric Injuries.  Pediatric Clinics of North America.  45:831-851, 1998.

Shafi S, Gilbert JC, Loghmanee F. Allen JE, Caty MG, Click PL, Carden S, Azizkhan RG.  Impact of Bicycle Safety Helmet Legislation on Children Admitted to a Regional Pediatric Trauma Center.  Journal of Pediatric Surgery.  33:317-321, 1998.

Presented at the annual meeting of the American Pediatric Surgical Association.

Shafi S, Gilbert JC, Carden S. Allen JE, Glick PL, Caty MG, Azizkhan RG.  Risk of Hemorrhage and Appropriate Use of Blood Transfusions in Pediatric Blunt Splenic Injuries.  Journal of Trauma.  42:1029-1032, 1997.

Presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma.

Siegel JH, Shafi S, Goodarzi S, Dischinger P.  A Quantitative Method for Cost Reimbursement and Length of Stay Quality Assurance in Multiple Trauma Patients.  Journal of Trauma. 36:928-937, 1994.

Presented at the Second World Conference on Injury Control by CDC/WHO.

ABSTRACTS

Ogola GO, Crandall ML, Shafi S. Variations in Outcomes of Emergency General Surgery Patients Across Hospitals: A Call to Establish Emergency General Surgery Quality Improvement Program (EQIP). Presented (oral) at the 76th Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Baltimore, MD, September 13-16, 2017.

Ogola G, Haider A, Shafi S. Hospitals with higher volume of Emergency General Surgery patients achieve lower mortality rates: A case for establishing designated centers for Emergency General Surgery. Presented (oral) at the 75th Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Waikoloa, HI, September 14-17, 2016.

Shafi S, Priest EL, Crandall ML, Klekar C, et. al. Multicenter Validation of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma for Grading Acute Colonic Diverticulitis and its Use for Emergency General Surgery Quality Improvement Program (EQIP). Presented (oral) at the 74th Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Las Vegas, NV, September 9-12, 2015.

Tominaga GT, Shafi S, Schuster K, Savage S, Ross S, Miller P, Muskat P, Mowery N, Cohen M, Ciesla D, Inaba K, Brown C, Agarwal S, Aboutans M, Crandall M. Data Dictionaries to measure disease severity for 16 Emergency General Surgery Conditions. Presented (poster) at the 74th Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Las Vegas, NV, September 9-12, 2015.

Velopulos CG, Hiu X, Schneider EB, Shafi S, Ciesla DJ, Gunter OL, Selvarajah S, Haut ER, Efron DT, Haider AH. All our EGS in one basket? Examining the Cost of Emergency General Surgery by Payer Status. Presented (poster) at the 73rd Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Philadelphia, PA September 10-13, 2014.

Sobrino J, Shafi S. TQIP Rating Using In-Hospital vs. 30-day Mortality. Presented (poster) at the 72ndAnnual Meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, San Francisco, CA, September 18-21, 2013.

Dahdah MN, Barisa MT, Schmidt K, Barnes SA, Dubiel R, Dunklin C, Harper C, Callender L, Wilson W, Ramon-Diaz A, Shafi S. Comparative Effectiveness of Traumatic Brain Injury Rehabilitation: Differential Outcomes Across TBI Model Systems Centers. Santa Clara Valley Medical Center Brain Injury Conference, February 28th – March 3rd, 2013, Santa Clara, CA.

Shafi S, Barnes SA, Millar D, Sobrino J, Kudyakov R, Berryman C, Rayan N, Dubiel R, Coimbra R, Magnotti LJ, Vercruysse G, Scherer LJ, Jurkovich GJ, Nirula R. Suboptimal Compliance with Evidence-Based Guidelines Is Associated With Increased Mortality in Patients with Traumatic Brain Injuries. Presented (oral) at the 71st Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Kauai, HI, September 29- October 3, 2012.

Rayan N, Barnes S, Fleming N, Kudyakov R, Ballard D, Gentilello L, Shafi S. Barriers to Compliance with Evidence based Care in Trauma. Presented (oral) at the 70th Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Chicago, IL, September 14-18, 2011.

Shafi S, Ogola G, Rayan N, Kudyakov R, Barnes S, Fleming N, Ballard D. Insuring the Uninsured: Financial Impact of Health Care Reform Act of 2010 on Trauma Centers. Presented(oral) at the 41st Annual Meeting of the Western Trauma Association, Big Sky, MT, Feb 27 – Mar 5, 2011.

Shafi S, Renfro L, Barnes S, Rayan N, Gentilello LM, Fleming N, Ballard D. Chronic Consequences of Acute Injuries: Persisent Worse Survival Three Years Later. Presented (oral) at the 24th Annual Meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Naples, FL, January 25-29, 2011.

Shafi S, Rayan N, Barnes S, Fleming N, Gentilello LM, Ballard D. Moving from “Optimal Resources” to “Optimal Care” at Trauma Centers. Presented (oral) at the 69th Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Boston, MA, September 22-25, 2010.

Shafi S, Barnes S, Nicewander D, Ballard D, Nathens AB, Ingraham AM, Hemmila M, Goble S, Neal M, Pasquale M, Fildes JJ, Gentilello LM. Health Care Reform at Trauma Centers: Mortality, Complications, Length of Stay. Presented (poster) at the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Phoenix, AZ, January 19-23, 2010

Gomez D, Haas B, Hemmila M. Pasquale M, Goble S, Neal M, Mann VC, Meredith W, Cryer HG, Shafi S, Nathens AB. Hip can Lie: Impact of Excluding Isolated Hip Fractures on External Benchmarking of Trauma Center Performance. Presented (poster) at the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Phoenix, AZ, January 19-23, 2010.

Shafi S, Parks J, Ahn C, Gentilello LM, Nathens AB. More Operations, More Deaths? Relationship Between Operative Intervention Rates and Risk-adjusted Mortality at Trauma Centers. Presented (oral) at the 68th Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Pittsburg, PA, October 1-3, 2009.

Hemmila MR, Nathens AB, Shafi S, Calland JF, Clark DE, Cryer HG, Goble S, Hoeft CJ, Meredith JW, Neal ML, Pasquale MD, Pomphrey MD, Fildes JJ. The Trauma Quality Improvement Proogram: Pilot Study and Initial Demonstration of Feasibility. Presented (oral) at the 68th Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Pittsburg, PA, October 1-3, 2009.

Ingraham AM, Xiong W, Hemmila MR, Shafi S, Goble S, Neal ML, Nathens AB. The Attributable Mortality and Length of Stay of Trauma-related Complications: A Matched Cohort Study. Presented (oral) at the 68th Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Pittsburg, PA, October 1-3, 2009.

Nathens AB, Neal M, Goble S, Fildes J, Meredith W, Cryer H, Shafi S, Hemmila M. Benchmarking U.S. Trauma Care. Presented (poster) at the International Surgical Week 2009, International Society of Surgery, Adelaide, Australia, September 6-10, 2009.

Matushima K, Eastman A, Shafi S, Burris A, Tyner T, Frankel H. Transfusions Increase Infections without Affecting Neurologic Outcome in Spontaneous Sub Arachnoid Hemorrhage (SAH). Presented (poster) at the 29th International Symposium on Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine, Brussels, Belgium, March 24-27, 2009. Critical Care 13(suppl.1):100, 2009.

O’Keeffe T, Shafi S, Gentilello LM. Alcohol Use Increases Diagnostic Testing, Procedure Costs, and the Risk of Hospital Admissions in Injured, Emergency Department Patients: A Population-based Study from the United States. Presented (oral) at the 2009 Annual Scientific Meeting of the Trauma Association of Canada, Auckland, New Zealand, March 4-7, 2009.

Cannada LK, Pan P, Casey BM, McIntire DD, Shafi S, Leven KJ.  Outcomes in Pregnant Trauma Patients with Orthopedic Injuries.  Presented (oral) at the annual meeting of the American Association of Orthopedic Surgeons, Las Vegas, NV, February 25-28, 2009.

O’Keeffe T, Friese RS, Shafi S. Vaccination for Post-Traumatic Splenectomy: Are we doing it right? Presented (oral) at the 4th Annual Academic Surgical Congress of the American Association for Academic Surgery and the Society for University Surgeons, Fort Myers, FL, February 6–9, 2009. Journal of Surgical Research 151:300, 2009.

Shafi S, Parks J, Ahn C, Gentilello LM, Nathens AB, Hemmila MR, Pasquale MD, Meredith JW, Cryer HG, Goble S, Neil M, Price C, Fildes JJ, and the Trauma Quality Improvement Group (TQIP).  CMS Quality Indicators do not Correlate with Risk-Adjusted Mortality at Trauma Centers. Presented (oral) at the 22nd Annual Meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Orlando, FL, January 13-17, 2009.

Brakenridge SC, Sheng J, Toomay SM, Haley RW, Gentilello LM, Shafi S.  Predictors of Early Pulmonary Embolism after Trauma: Who Needs Prophylaxis and When.  Presented (oral) at the 22nd Annual Meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Orlando, FL, January 13-17, 2009.

Gunst M, O’Keeffe T, Hollett L, Hamill M, Gentilello LM, Frankel H, Shafi S. Trauma Operative Skills in the era of Non-operative Management: The Trauma Exposure Course (TEC). Presented (poster) at the 22nd Annual Meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Orlando, FL, January 13-17, 2009.

Nathens AB, Xiong, Goble S, Neal M, Shafi S, Hemmila MR, Fildes JJ, Fantus R, Cryer HG. External Benchmarking of Trauma Center Performance: Implications of Missing Data.  Presented (oral) at the 22nd Annual Meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Orlando, FL, January 13-17, 2009.

Gunst M, Vanek S, Gunst R, Shafi S, Frankel H. Peripherally Inserted Central Catheters (PICC) May Lower the Incidence of Catheter-related Blood Stream Infections (CR-BSI) in Surgical Intensive Care Unit Patients.  Presented (poster) at the 28th Annual Meeting of the Surgical Infection Society, Hilton Head, South Carolina, May 7-9, 2008.

Bruns B, Gentilello LM, Shafi S. Prehospital Hypotension Redefined.  Presented (oral) at the 2008 Annual Scientific Meeting of the Trauma Association of Canada, Whistler, BC, Canada, April 3-5, 2008. Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care 64:554, 2008.

O’Keeffe T, Thekkumel J, Lemaire S, Shafi S, Friese R, Josephs S. A Policy of Dedicated Follow-up Improves the Rate of Retrieval of IVC Filters in Trauma Patients.  Presented (oral) at the 2008 Annual Scientific Meeting of the Trauma Association of Canada, Whistler, BC, Canada, April 3-5, 2008. Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care 64:556, 2008.

Nirula R, Shafi S, O’Keeffe T, Gentilello LM. Intra-cranial Pressure Monitoring in Traumatic Brain Injury is Associated with an Increase in Mortality.  Presented (poster) at the 37th Congress of the Society for Critical Care Medicine, Honolulu, HI, January 31st – February 6, Critical Care Medicine 35(Suppl): A70, 2007.

Stuke LE, Nirula R, Gentilello LM, Shafi S.  Protection against Head Injuries Should Not be Optional: A Case for Mandatory Installation of Side Curtain Airbags.  Presented (oral) at the 3rd Annual Academic Surgical Congress of the Society of University Surgeons and the Association for Academic Surgery, Huntington Beach, CA, Feb 13-15, 2008, Journal of Surgical Research 144:258, 2008.

O’Keeffe T, Shafi S, Diaz-Arrastia R, Gentilello LM.  Ethnic Disparities Exist in the Acute Treatment of Traumatic Brain Injuries.  Presented (oral) at the 3rd Annual Academic Surgical Congress of the Society of University Surgeons and the Association for Academic Surgery, Huntington Beach, CA, Feb 13-15, 2008, Journal of Surgical Research 144:256, 2008.

Parks J, Klein J, Frankel H, Friese R, Shafi S.  Dissecting Delays in Trauma Care using Corporate Six Sigma Methodology.  Presented (oral) at the 21st Annual Scientific Meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Amelia Island, FL, Jan 15-19, 2008. Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection and Critical Care 63:1428, 2007.

Sathy AK, Starr AJ, Elliott A, Smith WR, Parekh A, Agudelo J, Shafi S.  The Effect of Pelvic Fracture on Mortality After Trauma: An Analysis of 63,000 patients.  Presented (poster) at the 75tth Annual Meeting of the American Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons, San Francisco, CA, Mar 5-9, 2008.

Shafi S, Parks J, Nathens AB, Gentilello LM.  Trauma Quality Improvement Using Risk-Adjusted Outcomes. Presented (oral) at the 66th Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Las Vegas, NV, September 27-29, 2007. Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection and Critical Care 63:469, 2007.

Nathens AB, Shafi S.  Ranking of Trauma Center Performance: The Bare Essentials. Presented (oral) at the 66th Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Las Vegas, NV, September 27-29, 2007. Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection and Critical Care 63:483, 2007.

Parks J, Klein J, Shafi S.  Lean Six Sigma Identifies Opportunities to Minimize Emergency Department Overcrowding.  Presented (poster) at the 32nd Annual Educational Conference of the National Association for Healthcare Quality, Boston, MA, September 9-12, 2007.

Ghaemmaghami V, Frankel H, Gentilello LM, Shafi S.  Effects of Early Use of External Pelvic Compression on Transfusion Requirements and Mortality in Pelvic Fractures.  Presented (oral) at the 59th Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Surgical Congress, Rancho Mirage, CA, March 25-28, 2007

Gunst M, Frankel H, Gentilello LM, Shafi S.  Increased Risk of Death Associated with Hypotension in not Altered by the Presence of Brain Injury in Pediatric Trauma Patients.  Presented (oral) at the 59th Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Surgical Congress, Rancho Mirage, CA, March 25-28, 2007.

Parks J, Diaz-Arrastia R, Gentilello LM, Shafi S.  Post-injury Employment as a Surrogate for Functional Outcomes: A New Quality Indicator.  Presented (oral) at the 37th Annual Meeting of the Western Trauma Association, Steamboat Springs, CO, Feb. 25-Mar.2, 2007. Journal of Trauma 62:267, 2007.

O’Keeffe T, Shafi S, Sperry JL, Gentilello LM.  The Implications of Alcohol Intoxication and the Uniform Policy Provision Law on Trauma Centers.  Presented (poster) at the Second Annual Academic Surgical Congress of the Association for Academic Surgery, Phoenix, AZ, February 6-9, 2007. Journal of Surgical Research 137:283, 2007.

Shafi S, Gentilello LM.  Ethnic Disparities in Initial Management of Trauma Patients in a Nationwide Sample of Emergency Department Visits.  Presented (poster) at the Second Annual Academic Surgical Congress of the Society of University Surgeons, Phoenix, AZ, February 6-9, 2007. Journal of Surgical Research 137:285, 2007.

Friese RF, Phelan H, Sperry J, Shafi S, Gentilello LM.  The Use of Leukoreduced Red Cell Products is Associated with Fewer Infectious Complications in Trauma Patients.  Presented (oral) at the 20th Annual Meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Fort Myers, FL, January 16-20, 2007.

Staudenmayer KL, Diaz-Arrastia R, de Oliveira A, Gentilello LM, Shafi S.  Ethnic Disparities in Long-term Functional Outcomes After Traumatic Brain Injuries.  Presented (poster) at the 20th Annual Meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Fort Myers, FL, January 16-20, 2007.

Shafi S, Parks J, Gentilello LM.  Cost Benefits of Reduction in Motor Vehicle Injuries with a Nationwide Speed Limit 65 mph or under.  Presented (poster) at the 20th Annual Meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Fort Myers, FL, January 16-20, 2007.

Shafi S, Stewart R, Nathens AB, Friese RF, Frankel H, Gentilello LM.  Significant Variations in Mortality Occur at Similarly Designated Trauma Centers.  Presented (oral) at the 114th Annual Meeting of the Western Surgical Association, Los Cabos, Mexico, November 12-15, 2006.

Shafi S, Shipman K, Diaz-Arrastia R, Frankel H, Gentilello L.  Racial Disparities in Long-term Functional Outcomes after TBI.  Presented (oral) at the 65th Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, New Orleans, LA, September 28-20, 2006. Journal of Trauma-Injury, Infection & Critical Care 61:493, 2006.

Shafi S, Bransky A, Elliott AC, Frankel H, Diaz-Arrastia, Gentilello L. Ethnic Disparities Exist in Trauma Care.  Presented (poster) at the 65th Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, New Orleans, LA, September 28-20, 2006.

Shafi S, Diaz-Arrastia, Madden C, Gentilello L.  Intracranial Pressure Monitoring in Brain-injured Patients is Associated with Worsening of Survival.  Presented (poster) at the 65th Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, New Orleans, LA, September 28-20, 2006.

Bruns B, Lindsey M, Rowe K, Brown S, Minei JP, Gentilello L, Shafi S.  Hemoglobin Drops Within Minutes of Injuries and Predicts Need for an Intervention to Stop Hemorrhage.  Presented (poster) at the 65th Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, New Orleans, LA, September 28-20, 2006.

Friese R, Jennings A, Dineen S, Pruitt J, Shafi S, Gentilello L.  Serum B-type Natriuretic Peptide: A Marker of Fluid Resuscitation after Injury?  Presented (oral) at the 65th Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, New Orleans, LA, September 28-20, 2006. Journal of Trauma-Injury, Infection & Critical Care 61:509, 2006.

Sperry JL, Casey BM, McIntire DD, Minei JP, Gentilello L, Shafi S.  Long Term Fetal Outcomes in Pregnant Trauma Patients.  Presented (oral) at the 58th Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Surgical Congress, Kauai, HI, April 3-7, 2006.

Parks J, Elliott A, Gentilello L, Shafi S.  Systemic Hypotension is a Late Marker of Shock After Trauma – A Validation Study of ATLS Principles in a Large National Sample.  Presented (oral) at the 58th Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Surgical Congress, Kauai, HI, April 3-7, 2006.

Stuke L, Elliott A, Thal E, Gentilello L.  Shafi S.  Effect of Alcohol Intoxication on Accuracy of Glasgow Coma Scale in Traumatic Brain Injuries.  Presented (poster) at the 58th Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Surgical Congress, Kauai, HI, April 3-7, 2006.

Sperry J, Gentilello L, Diaz-Arrastia R, Shafi S.  Waiting for the Patient to “Sober up”: Effect of Alcohol Intoxication on Glasgow Coma Scale in Brain Injured Patients.  Presented (oral) at the 36th Annual Meeting of the Western Trauma Association, Big Sky, MO, February 26th-March 3rd, 2006. Journal of Trauma-Injury, Infection & Critical Care 60:252, 2006.

Shafi S, Friese R, Gentilello L.  Moving Beyond Personnel and Process: A Case for Incorporating Outcome Measures in Trauma Center Designation Process.  Presented (poster) at the 1st Annual Academic Surgical Conference of the Society of University Surgeons, San Diego, CA, February 7-11, 2006. Journal of Surgical Research 130:296, 2006.

Shafi S, Elliott A, Gentilello L.  A Nationwide Speed Limit 65 mph or less Will Save Thousands of Lives.  Presented (oral) at the 19th Annual Meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Orlando, FL, January 10-14, 2006.  Journal of Trauma-Injury, Infection & Critical Care 59:1543, 2006.

Friese R, Shafi S, Malekzadeh S, Starr A, Gentilello L.  Abdominal Ultrasound (FAST) is an Unreliable Modality for the Evaluation of Hemoperitoneum in Patients with Pelvic Fracture After Blunt Trauma.  Presented (poster) at the 19th Annual Meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Orlando, FL, January 10-14, 2006.

Shafi S, Nathens AB, Gentilello L. Effect of Trauma Systems on Motor Vehicle Occupant Mortality: A Comparison Between States With and Without a Formal System.  Presented (poster) at the Annual Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Atlanta, GA, September 20-25, 2005.

Shafi S, Gentilello L. Is Hypothermia Simply a Marker of Shock and Injury Severity or an Independent Risk Factor for Mortality? An Analysis of a Large National Trauma Registry (NTDB).  Presented (oral) at the Annual Meeting of the Western Trauma Association, Jackson Hole, WY, March 2005. Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care. 58:221, 2005.

Shafi S, Gentilello L.  Hypotension Does Not Increase Mortality in Brain Injured Patients More Than It Does in the Non-Brain Injured Patients. Presented (oral) at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma, January 2005 Ft. Lauderdale, FL. Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care. 57:1381, 2004.

Eastridge B, Shafi S, Minei J, Elliott A, Gentilello L. Economic Impact of Motorcycle Helmets: From Impact to Discharge. Presented (oral) at the Annual meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, September 2004, Maui, HI. Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care 57:457, 2004.

Shafi S, Gentilello L.  Prehospital Endotracheal Intubation and Positive Pressure Ventilation is Associated with Hypotension and Decreased Survival in Hypovolemic Trauma Patients: An Analysis of the National Trauma Data Bank.  Presented (oral) at the Annual meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Maui, HI, September 2004. Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care 57:448, 2004.

Friese RS, Shafi S, Gentilello L.  Pulmonary Artery Catheter is Associated with Reduced Mortality in Severely Injured Patients: A National Trauma Data Bank Analysis of 53, 312 Patients. Presented (poster) at the Annual meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Maui, HI, September 2004.

Minei JP, Shafi S, Gentilello L.  Gender Differences in Survival May be Due to a Lower Risk of Complications in Females: An Analysis of the National Trauma Data Bank.  Presented (poster) at the Annual meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Maui, HI, September 2004.

Phelan H, Shafi S, Parks J, Maxson RT, Ahmad N, Murphy JT, Minei JP.  Use of a Pediatric Cohort to Examine Gender and Sex Hormone Influences on Outcomes After Trauma.  Presented (poster) at the Annual meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Maui, HI, September 2004.

Shafi S, Gilbert JC, Loghmanee F. Allen JE, Caty MG, Click PL, Carden S, Azizkhan RG.  Impact of Bicycle Safety Helmet Legislation on Children Admitted to a Regional Pediatric Trauma Center.  Presented (oral) at the Annual Meeting of the American Pediatric Surgical Association, Naples, FL, May, 1997.

Shafi S, Gilbert JC, Carden S. Allen JE, Glick PL, Caty MG, Azizkhan RG.  Changes in Hematocrit Associated with Blunt, Isolated Splenic Injury in Children.  Presented (poster) at the Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Houston, TX, September 1996.

Siegel JH, Shafi S, Goodarzi S, Dischinger P.  A Quantitative Method for Cost Reimbursement and Length of Stay Quality Assurance in Multiple Trauma Patients.  Presented (poster) at the Second World Conference on Injury Control of the World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA, 1993.

EDITORIALS, CHAPTERS AND PARTICIPATION IN COMMITTEE REPORTS

Coimbra R, Rotondo MF, Shafi S, Wandling WW. “Emergency General Surgery.” In: Optimal Resources for Surgical Quality and Safety. Hoyt DB, Ko CY, eds. American College of Surgeons, Chicago, IL, 2017.

Lang J, Shafi S. “Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy.” In: Bedside Procedures for the Intensivist. Frankel HL, deBoisblanc DB eds. Springer, New York, NY, 2010.

Shafi S, Livingston DL, Brenner B.  “Abdominal Wound Closure.” In:  Tools of the Trade and Rules of the Road.  Deitch EA, eds, Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia, PA, 1997.

Shafi S, Livingston DL.  “Abdominal Exploration for Trauma.”  In: Tools of the Trade and Rules of the Road.  Deitch EA, eds., Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia, PA, 1997.

Shafi S, Mian UK, Faisal A.  Study of the Implementation and Utilization of Standard Treatment Guidelines in the Primary Health Care Project, Government of Pakistan and United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Islamabad, Pakistan, 1990.  Project evaluation report to USAID.

Shafi S, Nawaz AA.  Evaluation of Rural Health Project, Christian Mission Hospital, Sialkot, Pakistan, 1987.  Project evaluation report to the hospital board.

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